With this law the Spanish legislator gathers in a single normative body the previously existing dispersed legislation. Law 29/2011 provides for a quantitative and qualitative increase, with respect to previous legislation, in the assistance, support, honours and measures of protection to which victims of acts of terrorism are entitled. Its application is retroactive and covers those who suffered acts of terrorism from 1960 onwards.
In this new Law, the Spanish legislator gives victims of acts of terrorism a political significance by expressly recognizing them as symbols of the defense of the democratic rule of law State vis-à-vis the terrorist threat. It also considers victims of terrorism as victims of human rights violations, a characteristic which strengthens the legal status of victims and creates binding legal obligations for the State, responsible for ensuring integral reparation. The law seeks to provide victims with integral support and is inspired by the principles of memory, dignity, justice and truth.